Hike Coffee Bean Canyon, Mecca Hills: Mar 2020

Updated: Jan 17

Hike Distance: 12.3 miles


Our original plan for today was to hike in several side canyons located along Box Canyon Road. We had chosen this area in order to avoid crowds and comply with CA shelter in place that allowed for hikes if social distancing could be maintained. Unfortunately, as we approached the hills there were detour signs posted that Box Canyon Road was closed as a result of flooding from a heavy rainstorm the previous week. We quickly discovered an alternative hike in Coffee Bean Canyon located in the western Mecca Hills.


The trailhead is located on a dirt road at the entrance to an aggregate company. A gate blocks access to the trail and it's a 2-mile walk form the gate to the actual entrance to the canyon. The road parallels the Coachella Canal that provides irrigation to the farm lands of the Imperial Valley. The Colorado River is the source for water in the canal. It's a strange sensation to walk along the trail with farm lands of Mecca on one side...

Farm land of the Imperial Valley, Coachella irrigation canal in Mecca

and desert hills of Mecca on the other side.

Multicolor Mecca Hills on trail leading to Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

Even in the western hills there were sign of the recent heavy rains.

Dried mud from recent rains in Mecca Hills

We left the dirt road that ran along side the canal and began walking through a wash that led to the canyon.

Dried mud from recent rains in Mecca Hills

Once inside the canyon, the walls began to gradually rise on either side.

Folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault network in Mecca Hills

The Mecca Hills were formed by the San Andreas Fault, but that is not the only fault that has made its mark on the area. Several faults split the region, and in Painted Canyon, the San Andreas Fault is actually the least visible fault, but its effect on the landscape is clearly evident.

Hiking through wash in Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

Along this section of the San Andreas Fault System, the intense heat and pressure of tectonic plate movement twisted and contorted these rocks as if they were Play-doh. Look closely, you can see a 45° or more shift or folding of rock. These rock layers were originally laid down horizontally and then plate movement compressed them and caused them to fold into an almost vertical position.

Part of syncline in folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault in Mecca Hills

In this rock face the almost arch-shaped folds are visible in the center of the picture below.

Part of syncline in folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault in Mecca Hills

The unofficial name sake for this canyon came into view.

Part of the San Andreas fault gouge zone at Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

The hills have a 'coffee bean' color. This coloration comes from sediments deposited here over millions of years.

Part of the San Andreas fault gouge zone at Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

Some of the layers were deposited as river sediment when the area was a low-lying plain. Some of the layers are materials deposited in lake beds when almost the entire Coachella Valley was under water. The colors match the different sediments eroded off the nearby higher terrain and carried here.

Part of the San Andreas fault gouge zone at Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

We saw similar but less dramatic coloration in an earlier 2020 hike of the Mecca Hills. Click the hyperlink to navigate to that blog.

Part of the San Andreas fault gouge zone at Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

It wasn't a loose covering of sediment. Dave easily climbed this hill without the sediment crumbling under his feet.

Part of the San Andreas fault gouge zone at Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

We exited from the canyon and continued following the main wash.

Wash running though Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

The surrounding Mecca Hills to our east and north were beautiful even in late morning sun. These hills were formed as recently as one million years ago by compression forces from movement along the San Andreas Fault System. Mecca Hills offer one of the best locations for viewing the complex folding and faulting that occurs along the San Andreas.

Folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault network in Mecca Hills

While the surrounding mountains (Little San Bernardino and Orocopia Mountains) are primarily old granitic rocks, the Mecca Hills are young sedimentary rocks.

Folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault network in Mecca Hills

Looking back at the wash and Coffee Bean Canyon,

Wash running though Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

We followed the wash southeast past several side canyons and then veered to the left after the first major split. This large side canyon looked promising and worth a visit. See the map at the end of this blog for a satellite view of at path into the side canyon.

Folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault network in Mecca Hills

During fault system movement, the weak sedimentary rock beds were shoved tightly against the bedrock of the Orocopia Mountains to the east.

Something had to give and the weaker sediments collapsed into folds. As seen in the picture below, the sediments were compressed and uplifted so that they buckled and faulted into many tightly compressed near-vertical folds stacked on top of each other.

Folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault network in Mecca Hills
Folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault network in Mecca Hills

The softer sedimentary rock is more easily eroded by wind and water.

Wind and rain erosion cavities in sedimentary rocks in Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon
Wind and rain erosion cavities in sedimentary rocks in Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

The canyon began to narrow.

Wash running through Mecca Hills near Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon
Water erosion and smoothing of rock surface in Mecca Hills

Dave was very trusting considering we are hiking along the San Andreas fault. Pretty amazing the boulder fell from above and got jammed between the side walls.

Large rock wedged between walls of slot canyon on Mecca Hills

We were no longer following a trail/wash but rather a drainage shoot from the hills above us.

Narrow wash through Mecca Hills near Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

Climbing over rock falls from above.

Rock slide on Coffee Bean or Red Canyon trail in the Mecca Hills
Rock slide on Coffee Bean or Red Canyon trail in the Mecca Hills

We reached the spot where we had to turn around. There was a significant drop at the the end of this narrow section. Choosing this side canyon to explore had been a good decision!

Conglomerate sedimentary rock on trail through Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon in the Mecca Hills

We turned around and back tracked to the main wash. There was one other side canyon that we had seen earlier in the hike that we wanted to explore.

Folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault network in Mecca Hills

The relatively healthy looking palm was a sign that groundwater was percolating through the faulted rocks to nourish this plant.

Palm tree growing along San Andreas Fault network of Mecca Hills

The canyon narrowed quickly.

Wind and rain erosion cavities in sedimentary rocks in Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

Soon we were climbing around, over and under rock piles.

Rock slide on Coffee Bean or Red Canyon trail in the Mecca Hills
Climbing under a rock slide on Coffee Bean or Red Canyon trail in the Mecca Hills

Look at how this rock had cleaved perfectly with smooth surfaces on both sides. It looks like it was a man-made cut but actually nature took over and cleaved the rock along the weakest plane where layers have been compressed under extreme pressure and temperature.

Cleaved sedimentary rock along Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon trail in Mecca Hills
Rock slide on Coffee Bean or Red Canyon trail in the Mecca Hills

In the canyon, we found a great example of rock layers deformed by pressure from tectonic plate movement. The pressure created an arch-shaped fold.

Times flies when you're hiking in the Mecca Hills. There is so much to distract you, but it was time to head back to the car. We retuned to the main wash.

Folded sedimentary rock layers from movement along San Andreas fault network in Mecca Hills

Heading back through Coffee Bean Canyon.

Hiker in Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon
Part of the San Andreas fault gouge zone at Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

What had started out as an 'alternative' hike this morning ended up being an amazing hike through the western Mecca Hills. I highly recommend this hike.

Multicolor Mecca Hills on trail leading to Coffee Bean Canyon, Red Canyon

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